Rating of readiness of states for the implementation of AI technology 2020
OxfordInsights and the International Center for Research Development (IDRC) are conducting research on the maturity level of digital, legal and infrastructural transformation of the government in terms of forming a basis for the development of AI, and in 2020 released the third version of the "Index of readiness of states for the implementation of artificial intelligence technology 2020".
The studies covered data for 194 countries (172 included in the Index) on more than 30 indicators (access to open data, regulation, infrastructure, public services provided, training level, etc.). The United States of America is ranked first in the 2020 Index, with Western Europe (UK, Finland, Germany and Sweden) taking the other five places, reflecting the fact that North America and Western Europe have the highest regional readiness scores overall.Russia (33), Ukraine (57), Kazakhstan (64), Azerbaijan (65), Belarus (66) are among the five most prepared states for the introduction of AI among the CIS.
In accordance to this indicators, Republic of Kazakhstan occupies 64 positions in the Ranking
#CountryIndex
1United States of America85.5
2UK81.1
3Finland79.2
4Germany78.9
5Sweden78.7
6Singapore78.7
.........
61Greece47.9
62Indonesia47.5
63Brazil47.4
64Kazakhstan46.5
65Azerbaijan46.4
66Belarus46.1
67Turkey46.0
.........
Internal rating of the RK for «Smart cities» by the end of the year 2020
In order to improve the efficiency of municipal services and to introduce smart technologies in Kazakhstan, the "Smart City" concept was developed.
Smart City is an initiative to improve the efficiency of urban resources and services management as well as infrastructure through the implementation of innovative solutions in order to create comfortable environment for citizens.
In accordance with the instruction of the Elbasy, the Reference Standard of Smart Cities of the Republic of Kazakhstan was approved in 2019 to standardize the approach to building smart cities. The priority spheres of life in a "smart" city are safety, transport, housing and communal services, education, health care and city management.


In accordance with the Reference Standard of Smart Cities of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 11 directions are distinguished:
Security
Health care
Education
HCS
Transport
City management
6 priority
Ecology
Social sphere
Business and tourism
Agriculture
Construction
5 additional
Internal rating of the RK for «Smart cities» by the end of the year 2020
LocationCityRating
1Almaty
70.4%
2Nur-Sultan
64%
3Karagandy
64%
4Atyrau
64%
5Oskemen
61%
6Aktobe
61%
7Oral
61%
8Kyzylorda
61%
9Taldykorgan
61%
10Kokshetau
60.8%
11Kostanay
60.8%
12Shymkent
60.8%
13Turkistan
60.8%
14Petropavl
57.6%
15Taraz
57.6%
16Aktau
54.4%
17Pavlodar
54.4%
Top 15 digital technologies of 2020
The HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge (hereinafter - HSE ISSEK) applied the optics of big data analysis to identify promising digital technologies and compared the priority areas of scientific research in this area with the current agenda of the world market.
In a highly competitive environment, the research and market agendas are noticeably converging. Even at the design stage of their projects, scientists are increasingly taking into account the possible economic potential of their results, and leading companies invest in developments at the earliest stages of the life cycle, creating venture funds, their own research laboratories and attracting leading researchers.
In 2020, both in research (Table 1) and on the market (Table 2), artificial intelligence (AI) is the absolute leader among promising digital technologies. Of the 15 technologies included in the ranking of the research agenda, 12 belong to this area.
Table 1. Research: Top 15 digital technologies of 2020.
RankTechnologiesAreaSignificance index
1Deep learning
1.00
2Convolutional networks
0.53
3Computer vision
0.27
4Reinforcement learning
0.19
5Natural language processing
0.14
6Autonomous vehicles
0.14
7Recurrent neural networks
0.13
8Transfer learning
0.12
9Generative adversarial networks (GAN)
0.11
10Decision support systems
0.08
11Smart contracts
0.07
12Speech recognition
0.06
13Quantum computer
0.05
14Federated learning
0.04
15Autonomous robotics
0.02
Legend:
Artificial intelligence
Robotics Components and Sensing
Virtual and augmented reality technologies
Distributed ledger technologies
Quantum technology
Calculated on the basis of highly cited foreign publications presented on the Microsoft Academic Graph platform (more than 61 thousand sources). The technology significance index shows its relative occurrence in the array of sources for 2020, where 1 corresponds to the maximum number of references. The calculation takes into account the frequency of occurrence of the term, its specificity and vector centrality. The frequency of occurrence by itself is insufficient to reflect the real relevance of the term, it is important that it denotes a specific scientific and technological direction and is not too general (this task is solved by the specificity indicator), and vector centrality reflects the degree of its connection with other areas of scientific research.
Technologies represented in both lists are marked with color (Table 1 and Table 2).

A significant portion of AI technologies at the top of the research agenda have already proven their cost-effectiveness and are widely used in practice. For example, deep learning algorithms are used to train robots, computer vision is used to create "smart" face recognition systems, natural language processing models are used in chat bots to communicate with clients.
Table 2. Market: Top 15 digital technologies of 2020
RankTechnologiesAreaSignificance index
1Autonomous vehicles
1.00
2Deep learning
0.83
3Cryptocurrencies
0.66
4Computer vision
0.61
5Quantum computing
0.52
6Natural language processing
0.34
7Smart contracts
0.18
8Immersive technologies
0.14
9Reinforcement learning
0.08
10Convolutional networks
0.06
11Generative adversarial networks (GAN)
0.05
12Autonomous electric vehicles
0.04
13Quantum computer
0.02
14Federated learning
0.01
15Open computing
0.01
In the first place among digital technologies on which business relies – autonomous vehicles.
Unlike science, the market is more interested in distributed ledger technologies - cryptocurrencies (3rd) and smart contracts (7th / 11th in the research rating), solutions based on virtual and augmented reality (8th). The development of 5G services and an increase in demand for VR/AR solutions in construction, energy, healthcare and other sectors stimulated interest in immersive technologies (8th place).
Calculations based on quantum computers and simulators are presented in the second rating twice (5th and 13th places). It is these technologies that in the foreseeable future will be able to create new value for businesses and consumers through the emergence of personalized drugs, the development of materials with unique properties, or the ability to accurately predict financial crises.